City of Lord Shiva, City of religion and city of
enlightenment we can call Varanasi (Kashi) by many names. It is called the
oldest city. Varanasi is situated on the bank of river Ganga and also
considered as the last pilgrimage. Sarnath, where the lord Buddha had
delivered his first speech is in this city. Parshvanath and Patanjali also
belong to Varanasi.
Varanasi is linked with many centuries of history and yet dynamic with its
association with river Ganga. The main thing about this city of Kabir and
Tulsi is that it is associated with its oldest root customs and culture. To
keep the old customs alive the people of this city trying hard and to
fulfill this goal they do every work with unity. In Varanasi can not be seen
any difference of caste, greed or religion. We can see difference outside
but there is unity internally. There is unity in diversity. The whole world
admires this effort and unity of this city. Many tourist and people from all
over the world come to visit this beautiful city.
It is believed
that Varanasi is situated on the trident of Lord Shiva. Varanasi
(Visheshvara) exists on the middle fork of trident of Lord Shiva,
Omkareshvara on the north fork and Kedareshvara on south fork of trident of
Lord Shiva (Omkareshvara, Visheshvara, Kedareshvara). Lord Shiva always
lives here invisibly and flow the energy from his hair in the form of Ganga
Varanasi is the oldest city in the world and older than
history. Varanasi has destroyed four times by Muslim invaders between 11th
to 17th centuries but it has re-built. In the Varanasi, there are over 3000
Hindu temples, 1400 Mosque, 12 Churches, 3 Jain temples, 9 Buddhist temple
and 3 sikh temples. Varanasi is denoted by various names such as Varanasi,
Kashi, Banaras, Mahasmashana, Avimukta, Anandvan, Rudravasa etc.Places
to SeeRiver Front:
The Ghats of Varanasi
truly embody the real essence of this timeless city. As the first rays of
the sun set the gently flowing Ganga afire, thousands of devout take the
ceremonial dip and the Ghats come alive to people from all walks of life.
Each performing rituals the way they were done, centuries ago. To a visitor
it is a charming preview into the character of a holy city, unchanged,
unspoiled by the vagaries of time. Durag Temple:
to Duga, the goddess of power, it is one of the most important temples in
the city. Constructed during the 18th century in Nagara style of temple
architecture, its shikhara or spire is formed of small shikharas, one atop
the other. Bharat MataTemple:
top of a hill known as Takht-e-Suleiman, this ancient temple
stands at an altitude of about 1100 feet above the surface level of main
Srinagar city. The sacred temple can be visited only through a trek to the
top of the hills. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple:
is a gold spiraled temple rebuilt in 1776 A.D. by Rani Ahilyabai Holkar of
Indore and dedicated to Lord Shiva. The gold spire is covered with a ton of
gold plating donated by Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab in 1835. A.D. It is
popularly known as the Golden Temple. Tulsi Manas
Constructed in 1964 by a philanthropist family of Varanasim
this temple is dedicated to Lord Ram. The temple is situated at the place
where the great seer of the medieval ages, Goswami Tulsidas lived and
composed the epic poem ' Ramcharitmanas' expounding the history and deeds of
Lord Ram. How to Reach
Varanasi is the
cultural capital of India and the melting pot of Indian civilization.
Varanasi or Benaras has a well-developed transport network and is well
connected to all the major Indian cities and states by air, road and rail.By
Varanasi is well connected and accessible to major Indian cities
and tourist spots. There are daily domestic flights to and from Varanasi to
several cities in India. Apart from the state owned Indian Airlines, there
are many private air taxi operators that offer their services from Varanasi
to other Indian cities. In fact, the daily flights on
Delhi-Agra-Khajuraho-Varanasi route are quite popular among the tourists.
Since Varanasi lies in the heartland of
the North Indian plains, it is well connected to Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and
other parts of India. There are two railway stations in Varanasi, the Kashi
Junction and the Varanasi Junction (also known as Varanasi Cantonment).
Rajdhani Express from Delhi or from Calcutta passes through Varanasi too.
One can also catch trains from Mughalsarai, just 10 km south of Varanasi.
Situated in the flat Ganga plains,
Varanasi has a good network of roads. frequent public and private buses and
road transport to all the major towns of Uttar Pradesh and nearby areas.